Rice is a staple food for more than half of the world’s population and is grown in almost every country. The top 10 countries share in global rice exports 2019 amounted to over 60 percent of the total in 2019, with India, Thailand, and Vietnam being the leading exporters. In this blog post, we will explore the top 10 countries that share in global rice exports. We will also provide insights on each country’s export volume, pricing, and more.
Brazil’s Share in Global Rice Exports 2019: 1.47%
Brazil was 10th of Top 10 countries share in global rice exports 2019. Brazil is the world’s second largest exporter of rice. In 2019, Brazil exported 6.5 million metric tons of rice, worth nearly $2.5 billion. The majority of Brazil’s rice exports go to Asian countries, with Vietnam being the top destination, followed by the Philippines, Indonesia, and China.
In recent years, Brazil has been working to increase its share of the global rice market. In 2015, the country launched a five-year plan to boost rice production and exports. The plan included investments in irrigation infrastructure, research and development, and training for farmers. As a result of these efforts, Brazil’s rice exports have increased significantly in recent years.
Looking ahead, Brazil is expected to continue to play a major role in the global rice market. With continued investments in production and infrastructure, the country is well positioned to maintain its position as a leading exporter of rice.
Cambodia’s Share in Global Rice Exports 2019: 1.9%
Cambodia was 9th of Top 10 countries share in global rice exports 2019. Cambodia was the ninth largest exporter of rice in 2019, with exports totaling 1.4 million metric tons. In value terms, Cambodia’s rice exports amounted to $438 million in 2019.
Cambodia’s share of global rice exports has been steadily increasing over the past decade, reaching 2.1% in 2019. The United States is the top destination for Cambodian rice, accounting for 31% of total exports in 2019. Other major export destinations include Vietnam (11%), the Netherlands (8%), and France (7%).
Cambodia’s rice export growth has been driven by strong demand from key markets, as well as continued improvements in productivity and quality. In recent years, the Cambodian government has also implemented a number of policies to support the rice sector, including increasing access to credit and inputs, and expanding irrigation infrastructure.
Italy’s Share in Global Rice Exports 2019: 2.44%
Italy was 8th of Top 10 countries share in global rice exports 2019. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization
(FAO), global rice exports in 2019 totaled 41.7 million tons, down slightly from the previous year. The top exporting countries were India, Thailand, Vietnam, Pakistan, and China.
Italy is one of the world’s leading importers of rice, with a market share of around 10%. The country imported 1.8 million tons of rice in 2018/2019, an increase of 7% from the previous season. The majority of Italy’s rice imports come from Asia, with Vietnam being the largest supplier.
In 2019, Italian rice exports totaled 175 thousand tons, down 5% from the previous year. The main destinations for Italian rice exports are Spain and Germany.
Burma’s Share in Global Rice Exports 2019: 4.34%
Burma was 7th of Top 10 countries share in global rice exports 2019. In 2019, Burma was the tenth largest exporter of rice in the world, shipping 2.4 million metric tons of the grain. The value of its exports was $868 million, which was down slightly from $919 million in 2018. Burma is a relatively small player in the global rice market, accounting for just over two percent of total exports. However, it is an important supplier to neighboring countries such as Bangladesh and India.
China’s Share in Global Rice Exports 2019: 4.55%
China was 6th of Top 10 countries share in global rice exports 2019. China is the world’s top rice exporter, accounting for 26 percent of the global trade in 2018/19. In recent years, China’s exports have been relatively stable, averaging around 10 million tons per year. However, due to the country’s large domestic market, China is a net importer of rice, with imports exceeding exports in most years.
In 2019, China exported a record 11.2 million tons of rice, up 19 percent from the previous year. The majority of China’s exports go to Bangladesh (3.4 million tons), Pakistan (1.6 million tons), and Africa (1.5 million tons).
Bangladesh is the top destination for Chinese exports, accounting for 30 percent of the total. Trade between the two countries has grown rapidly in recent years, with Bangladesh increasing its imports from China ten-fold since 2014/15. The vast majority of Bangladesh’s rice imports come from India, but due to India’s export restrictions, Bangladesh has increasingly turned to China in recent years.
Pakistan is the second-largest market for Chinese exports, accounting for 14 percent of the total. Pakistani imports of Chinese rice have also grown rapidly in recent years, tripling since 2014/15. Like Bangladesh, Pakistan relies heavily on India for its rice supply, but due to India’s export restrictions, Pakistan has had to turn to other sources in recent years.
5. United States
United States’s Share in Global Rice Exports 2019: 7.58%
United States was 5th of Top 10 countries share in global rice exports 2019. According to the USDA, the United States was the fourth largest exporter of rice in 2019, with exports totaling 2.6 million metric tons. The top destinations for U.S. rice exports in 2019 were Mexico (944 thousand metric tons), Canada (627 thousand metric tons), Nigeria (422 thousand metric tons), and Haiti (333 thousand metric tons). Other significant destinations included Philippines, Guatemala,El Salvador, Ivory Coast, and Senegal.
In value terms, the United States’ rice exports totaled $1.8 billion in 2019. The average price of exported rice from the United States was $685 per ton in 2019, down from $693 per ton in 2015 but up from $662 per ton in 2014.
The United States is a relatively small player in the global rice market, accounting for about 3 percent of world trade inrice. The vast majority of the world’s rice is produced and consumed in Asia – specifically China, India, and Indonesia – which together account for around 90 percent of global production and consumption.
Pakistan’s Share in Global Rice Exports 2019: 9.49%
Pakistan was 4th of Top 10 countries share in global rice exports 2019. Pakistan is the fourth largest exporter of rice in the world, exporting over 4 million metric tons in 2019. Pakistani rice export destinations include Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia. The top four countries that imported Pakistani rice in 2019 were Iran, Iraq, Sri Lanka, and the United Arab Emirates.
Pakistan’s rice exports have increased steadily over the past decade, reaching a peak of over 5 million metric tons in 2016. However, they have declined slightly since then due to increased competition from India and other Asian countries. Pakistan’s share of the global rice export market is about 3%.
The majority of Pakistani rice exports are basmati rice, which is a long grain variety that is popular in many Asian and Middle Eastern cuisines. Other popular varieties of Pakistani rice include Jasmine rice and Basmati brown rice.
Vietnam’s Share in Global Rice Exports 2019: 9.76%
Vietnam was 3rd of Top 10 countries share in global rice exports 2019. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Vietnam was the world’s second-largest rice exporter in 2019, with exports totaling 7.4 million metric tons (mmt). This accounted for 16 percent of global rice trade. The Philippines was the largest exporter, with 8.7 mmt (19 percent). India was a close third, with 7.3 mmt (16 percent) of global exports.
Between 2018 and 2019, Vietnam’s rice exports increased by 9 percent, while those of the Philippines and India declined by 3 percent and 2 percent, respectively. As a result, Vietnam’s share of global rice exports increased from 15 percent in 2018 to 16 percent in 2019 while the shares of the Philippines and India declined from 20 percent and 17 percent to 19 percent and 16 percent, respectively.
In terms of value, Vietnam’s rice exports totaled $2.9 billion in 2019, up 2 percent from 2018. The Philippines was the largest exporter in value terms as well, with $3 billion worth of rice exports in 2019 (up 1 percent from 2018), followed by India with $2.6 billion (down 4 percent from 2018). As a result, Vietnam’s share of global rice export values rose from 12 percent in 2018 to 13 percent in 2019 while the share held by both the Philippines and India declined slightly from 14 percent to 14 percent and from 12 percent to 11percent, respectively.
Thailand’s Share in Global Rice Exports 2019: 17.5%
Thailand was 2nd of Top 10 countries share in global rice exports 2019. In 2019, Thailand was the world’s third-largest exporter of rice, behind only India and Vietnam. Thai exports totaled 10.5 million metric tons in 2019, down slightly from the 10.6 million metric tons exported in 2018. The value of Thai rice exports also declined in recent years, falling from $4.4 billion in 2015 to $3.7 billion in 2019.
Thailand is a leading exporter of both white and jasmine rice, accounting for about 20 percent of the global trade in each type of rice. White rice is milled rice that has had its husk, bran, and germ removed. Jasmine rice is a long-grain variety of aromatic rice that is popular in Southeast Asia.
Thailand’s main export markets for rice are Africa and Asia. In 2019, Africa accounted for 36 percent of Thai rice exports by volume, while Asia (excluding Japan) absorbed 32 percent of exports. Bangladesh was Thailand’s largest market for both types of rice in 2019, buying 1.1 million metric tons of Thai white rice and nearly 600,000 metric tons of jasmine rice. Other major buyers included Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Philippines, Sierra Leone, and Senegal.
India’s Share in Global Rice Exports 2019: 27.7%
India was No. 1 of Top 10 countries share in global rice exports 2019. India was the world’s leading exporter of rice in 2019, exporting 14.5 million metric tons. The Philippines, Vietnam, and Thailand were the next largest exporters, with exports of 10.3 million metric tons, 9.7 million metric tons, and 8.4 million metric tons, respectively. Together, these four countries accounted for over half of the world’s rice exports in 2019.
The United States was a distant fifth in global rice exports, with 2.6 million metric tons exported in 2019. Other significant exporters of rice include Pakistan (2.1 million metric tons), Myanmar (1.9 million metric tons), and Cambodia (1.6 million metric tons).
Global rice exports have grown significantly in recent years, reaching a record high of 38.5 million metric tons in 2019. This is up from 30.4 million metric tons in 2015 and just 24.7 million metric tons in 2010. The vast majority of this growth has been driven by increased exports from Asian countries, particularly India and Vietnam.
Source: Global Rice Exports 2019